In 2015, numbers showed that counties in the southern and Appalachian regions of the United States tended to have the highest prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in the adult population with 9.4 % of the population having diabetes. The three states with the lowest rates of diabetes were Utah, Rhode Island and Colorado at 7.5 to 8 %.
Type 2 diabetes in the US
In the U.S., 30.3 million people currently have diabetes. The number is estimated to rise to 53.1 million by 2025. Furthermore, it is also estimated that among the 30.3 million people in the United States who have diabetes, 8.1 million may be undiagnosed and unaware of their condition. In the adult population it is estimated that 2.7 million or 90 % of diabetics have type 2 diabetes and only 500 or 2 % of child diabetics have type 2.
The number of adults with pre-diabetes (an early stage of type 2) in the U.S. has exploded from approximately 10.1 million in 2008 to 84.1 million in 2015. Type 2 diabetes is highly affected by behavioral risk factors and therefore it is believed that the increase in pre-diabetes is caused mainly by unhealthy diet, a lack of activity and smoking and drinking habits.