When it is possible to identify the allergen(s) responsible for attacks, it is essential to eliminate them as much as possible so that this illness can be controlled as well as possible. The lower the level of allergens in the environment, the more effectively the illness will be controlled.
It is important to do everything possible to protect the mucous susceptible to being attacked by common allergens. This prevention should primarily be focused on the home, which must be cleared of a number of “dust traps”.
Allergens and Triggers of Asthma
The allergens responsible for asthma responses are listed below in order of pathogenic importance:
- Dust mites: 50% to 60% of cases
- Animal hairs and dander: 25% to 30% of cases are caused by cats
- Atmospheric moisture: around 15% of cases
- Finally, cockroaches and their droppings (10%)
Of all the elements that contribute to triggering and worsening asthma, the immediate environment is the most important. First of all, the home should be aired for as long as possible and the floors and furniture should be vacuumed as often as possible. The walls and the floors should be free from carpets and rugs.
In general, humidity and moisture should be avoided as much as possible. The bedroom is filled with potential allergenic dangers. Mattresses, duvets, pillows, covers and bed sheets require specific attention. Anti-dust mite washable covers are an effective solution.
When it comes to family pets (cats, dogs, guinea pigs, rabbits, hamsters), ideally it would be best to avoid bringing them into the home if a member of the family is prone to allergies.
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