HIV and AIDS: treatments

Today, there are a number of treatments for HIV, but there is still no treatment that allows AIDS to be averted completely.

/static/themes-v3/default/images/default/info/maladie/intro.jpg?1516194360

The purpose of antiretroviral treatment is to limit the reproduction of HIV and to allow the immune system to recover. If treatment is effective, the viral load in the blood falls progressively until it becomes undetectable: the virus remains present chronically, but it stops reproducing and the immune system starts working again, which limits opportunistic infections.
 
In fact, antiretroviral treatment should be started before the levels of CD4 are too low, in order to effectively prevent opportunistic infections and also to improve patient life expectancy.

A combination of medications to treat HIV

In general, combinations of three medications (triple therapy) or more are used, with the choice of drugs depending on the case specific to each patient. Tritherapy and multiple therapies have revolutionized treatment for HIV and the life expectancy of people infected has increased considerably over recent years thanks to antiretroviral therapy.
 
There are currently six classes of anti-HIV medications with different mechanisms of action: 
 
- Nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI)
- Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI)
- Protease inhibitors (PI)
- Entry inhibitors
- Integrase inhibitors 
- CCR5 receptor antagonists

Last updated: 3/22/18

avatar Carenity Editorial Team

Author: Carenity Editorial Team, Editorial Team

The Carenity Editorial Team is made up of experienced editors and specialists in the healthcare field who aim to provide impartial and high quality information. Our editorial content is proofread, edited and... >> Learn more

Newsfeed - HIV/AIDS

on May 12, 2020

HIV and the Coronavirus

Read the article